In Search of Better Digestion

In Search of Better Digestion

In Search of Better Digestion

What is Gut Dysbiosis?

˃ Gut dysbiosis occurs when the commensal (friendly-see below) bacteria are impaired causing the beneficial bacteria to get outnumbered by the non-beneficial ones in the gut. The cause of the three types of dysbiosis are pathobiont (disease causing organism) expansion, reduced diversity and loss of beneficial microbes. The simple explanation is that there is an imbalance of beneficial versus non-beneficial bacteria in the gut. The handout above (C1) illustrates gut dysbiosis.


What are Beneficial Bacteria and Non-Beneficial Bacteria?

˃ There are trillions of bacteria or microrganisms that live in our gut. They include beneficial ones and not-so beneficial ones. The friendly bacteria are there to help protect us against the pathogens as well as non-beneficial bacteria that may lead to disease, one of which being Irritable Bowel Syndrome


What are Symptoms of Bad Digestion?

˃ Abdominal pain

˃ Indigestion

˃ Constipation or Diarrhea


What May Cause Gut Dysbiosis?

˃ Antibiotics

˃ Stress

˃ Toxins

˃ Excessive Alcohol

˃ Pathogens


What is Linked to Gut Dysbiosis?

˃ Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

˃ Crohn’s Disease

˃ Diabetes

˃ Coeliac Disease

˃ Asthma

˃ Obesity

˃ Depression

˃ Cardiovascular Disease

Gut dysbiosis may lead to the development of these diseases as a non-healthy microbiota (the family of bacteria) compromises the gut’s ability to extract essential nutrients from food2.


Food that negatively effects Gut Dysbiosis?

Fats and Refined Sugar: High amounts of fat and refined sugar in the diet lower the presence of the gut-barrier protecting, Bifidobacteria spp.


Food Solutions that May Help with Gut Dysbiosis?

Probiotics: Probiotics are simply beneficial bacteria. You can find these in yoghurt and many food supplements.

Complex Carbohydrates: Food like whole wheat bread, nuts, carrots, legumes and brown rice are examples of complex carbohydrates4.

Fibre: Eating vegetables helps increase short chain fatty acids which then lowers pH-This may help prevents the growth of certain non-beneficial bacteria.

Plant Polysaccharides: Inulin/FructoOligosaccharides acts as a prebiotic or food for the probiotic to optimally function. Can be found in onions, garlic, bananas, asparagus.


Learning to take care of our inner gardens is important for good health. We enable this to happen by what we eat, how we live and by supporting our friendly bacteria with good, healthy food. Additionally, it is imperative to avoid (as much as possible) the gut busting pharmaceutical drugs, stress, alcohol and others mentioned above that stimulate the growth of the bad bacteria which can eventually lead to gut dysbiosis.